The Internet provides tremendous opportunities for communication, entertainment, education and business. However, along with this, new security threats also appear.
The first is cybercrime. Hacker attacks, viruses, phishing, fraud — both ordinary users and large corporations suffer from this. To protect yourself on the Web, you need to use strong passwords, antivirus, do not open suspicious files and links.
Malicious content also poses a danger. On the Internet, it is easy to stumble upon materials with violence, propaganda of terrorism, drugs, etc. Children are especially vulnerable. Parents should use special filters and monitor what their child is doing online.
The problem of leaks of personal data is also important. Our information is collected when registering in social networks and services. Attackers can use this data for criminal purposes. Therefore, it is important to provide a minimum of personal information on the Internet.
Also relevant is the threat of state surveillance and censorship in some countries. Citizens have to resort to VPNs and other tools to bypass restrictions and remain anonymous.
To reduce risks, in addition to technical measures, it is necessary to improve the computer literacy of users. People should be aware of the threats on the Web and be able to protect their information. It is also important to improve cybersecurity legislation.
Security on the Internet is a common task of the state, business and the users themselves. Only an integrated approach, including technical, legal and educational measures, will minimize risks and make cyberspace more secure.